Rhythm 0, 1974 a performance art piece by Marina Abramovic
To test the limits of the relationship between performer and audience, Abramovic developed one of her most challenging (and best-known) performances. She assigned a passive role to herself, with the public being the force which would act on her.
Abramovic had placed upon a table 72 objects that people were allowed to use (a sign informed them) in any way that they chose. Some of these were objects that could give pleasure, while others could be wielded to inflict pain, or to harm her. Among them were a rose, a feather, honey, a whip, scissors, a scalpel, a gun and a single bullet. For six hours the artist allowed the audience members to manipulate her body and actions.
Initially, members of the audience reacted with caution and modesty, but as time passed (and the artist remained impassive) people began to act more aggressively. As Abramovic described it later:
“What I learned was that... if you leave it up to the audience, they can kill you.” ... “I felt really violated: they cut up my clothes, stuck rose thorns in my stomach, one person aimed the gun at my head, and another took it away. It created an aggressive atmosphere. After exactly 6 hours, as planned, I stood up and started walking toward the audience. Everyone ran away, to escape an actual confrontation.
I am viewing the diversity of responses to her as seeds existing in each person who responded. What causes resulted in the different effects? The Lotus Sutra states that an explanation for the causes of manifested and latent effects can be found by understanding the concept ichinen sanzen.
The True Buddhist concept of ichinen sanzen is a Japanese phrase translated as (one moment, three thousand possibilities)
The number 3000 is derived by multiplying the 10 worlds x the mutual possession of the 10 worlds x the 10 aspects x the 3 realms.
Impliicitly stated in the Lotus Sutra, an ancient text on string theory in quantum mechanics physics, is that the upper limit of dimension composing true reality is ten. However, each of the ten encompass the others.
To begin we must explain what each concept means. The 10 worlds are life conditions that an entity of life manifest from moment to moment with changing conditions.
The 10 worlds are:
The lower 6 worlds which work in close relation to the power and influence of the environment that a person is experiencing.
5. tranquillity, and
6. rapture or heaven,
The four noble worlds require individual effort to maintain oneself in them.
9. bodhisattva and
The 10 aspects of life are:
related to life itself
1. appearance (form and color of all things),
2. nature (spiritual properties of one’s mind and all things),
3. entity (the fusion of body and mind that forms the person’s complete being or physical and spiritual aspects of all things),
correspond to space and it’s energetic and dynamic properties.
4. power (the energy of a person’s life that allows him to act a specific way in each of the 10 worlds),
5. influence (the volitional activities of words, thoughts and actions that are characteristic of which world the person is in; ie. Anger or Hunger).
related to the concept of time,
6. Internal or inherent cause is one’s karma and is the seed of the experience a person will have when the right cause and condition manifest for an effect to occur. Example, if a person has a predisposition to get skin cancer (inherent cause), he must be in the right condition for this potential to manifest (external cause); in the sun on a very hot day for an extensive amount of time.
7. External cause being the next factor that corresponds to influence from the environment or other sentient beings.
8. Latent effect is the reaction to the phenomena internally by the individual to the manifested effect which is the skin cancer that was produced by the stimulation of the inherent cause (karma) by the environment (external cause), which produced the
9. Manifested effect (observable outcome of a person’s past actions-causes).
10. Consistancy from beginning to end. Beginning corresponds to 1; Appearence and end corresponds to 9.
The 3 realms:
1. the individual entity composed of:
The five components of existence:
d) volition and
e) consciousness, comprised of nine levels:
The nine consciousnesses can be thought of as different layers of consciousness which are constantly operating together to create our lives. The Sanskrit word vijnāna, which is translated as consciousness, includes a wide range of activities, including sensation, cognition and conscious thought.
vi. the self-aware conscious mind - the function that integrates and processes the various sensory data to form an overall picture or thought, identifying what it is that our five senses are communicating to us.
vii. the psyche - is directed toward our inner life and is largely independent of sensory input. The seventh consciousness is the basis for our sense of individual identity; attachment to a self distinct to and separate from others has its basis in this consciousness, as does our conscience, i.e., our sense of right and wrong.
viii. ālaya consciousness, the inherent cause, also known as the never- perishing or storehouse consciousness. It is here that the energy of our karma resides. Whereas the first seven consciousnesses disappear on death, the eighth consciousness persists through the cycles of active life and the latency of death. It can be thought of as the life-flow that supports the activities of the other consciousnesses. The experiences described by those who have undergone clinical death and been revived could be said to be occurrences at the borderline of the seventh and eighth consciousnesses.
The seventh layer emerges from the eighth consciousness: it is always focused on the eighth consciousness of the individual, which it perceives as something fixed, unique and isolated from other things. In reality, the eighth consciousness is in a state of continual flux. At this level our lives constantly interact, exerting a profound influence on each other. The perception of a fixed and isolated self that the seventh consciousness generates is thus false.
The seventh consciousness is also the seat of the fear of death. Being unable to perceive the true nature of the eighth consciousness as an enduring flow of life energy, it imagines that upon death, the eighth consciousness will become permanently extinct. Fear of death thus has roots in the deep layers of the subconscious.
The delusion that the eighth consciousness is one's true self is also termed fundamental ignorance, a turning away from the interconnectedness of all being. It is this sense of one's self as separate and isolated from others.
ix. amala - the Buddha nature which gives an unobstructed from within view of life. This can be thought of as the life of the cosmos itself; it is also referred to as the fundamentally pure consciousness. Unstained by the workings of karma, this consciousness represents our true, eternal self. Directly bringing forth the energy of this consciousness--the enlightened nature of the Buddha--is able to purify the other, more superficial layers of consciousness. The great power of the ninth consciousness welling forth changes even entrenched patterns of negative karma in the eighth consciousness. .
2. the realm of other sentient beings
3. the environment.
The interpretation of Manifested effect (in Buddhism we call this actual proof) or the results of one’s actions in life (benefit or suffering as the result of correct or incorrect philosophic belief) is a subjective experience informed by the seventh consiousness to the extent the seventh is illuminated by the eighth.
Another way to look at this is the relationship between the body (appearance) and shadow (manifest effect). When the body is crooked the shadow is also cooked. If a person’s actions are distorted originating from a distorted mind (oneness of body and mind - Japanese, shiki shin funi), his results in his life will also take on that distortion in the form of suffering (shadow)-manifested effect.
This ultimately means that all suffering that manifest in one’s environment is directly related to the individual’s mind or the collective mind’s of all the people in that environment. This is the principle of Esho funi, the oneness of life (body) and it’s environment (shadow). In the definition of Western religious practice, esho funi is called the power of prayer.
Given a Lorenz Set equation, let:
ρ = individual entity (red node)
σ = the realm of other sentient beings (purple node)
β = the environment. (blue node)
A trajectory of Lorenz's equations, generate these visual representations, using:
What is known and speculated to exist:
Newton's Three Laws of Motion:
* Newton's First Law of Motion states that in order for the motion of an object to change, a force must act upon it, a concept generally called inertia.
* Newton's Second Law of Motion defines the relationship between acceleration, force, and mass.
* Newton's Third Law of Motion states that any time a force acts from one object to another, there is an equal force acting back on the original object. If you pull on a rope, therefore, the rope is pulling back on you as well.
Newton's Law of Gravity:
Every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle with a force that is directly proportional to the product of the masses of the particles and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
* Fg = The force of gravity (typically in newtons)
* G = The gravitational constant, which adds the proper level of proportionality to the equation. The value of G is 6.67259 x 10-11 N * m2 / kg2, although the value will change if other units are being used.
* m1 & m1 = The masses of the two particles (typically in kilograms)
* r = The straight-line distance between the two particles (typically in meters)
Conservation of Mass-Energy:
The total energy in a closed or isolated system is constant, no matter what happens. Another law stated that the mass in an isolated system is constant. When Einstein discovered the relationship E=mc2 (in other words that mass was a manifestation of energy) the law was said to refer to the conservation of mass-energy. The total of both mass and energy is retained, although some may change forms. The ultimate example of this is a nuclear explosion, where mass transforms into energy.
Conservation of Momentum:
The total momentum in a closed or isolated system remains constant. An alternative of this is the law of conservation of angular momentum.
The four laws of thermodynamics are:
Zeroth law of thermodynamics: If two systems are both in thermal equilibrium with a third system then they are in thermal equilibrium with each other.
First law of thermodynamics: Heat and work are forms of energy transfer.
Second law of thermodynamics: An isolated system, if not already in its state of thermodynamic equilibrium, spontaneously evolves towards it. All things tend to entropy.
Third law of thermodynamics: The entropy of a system approaches a constant value as the temperature approaches zero. Specifically, the entropy of a pure crystalline substance at absolute zero temperature is zero.
Coulomb's law and Gauss's law are formulations of the relationship between electrically charged particles to create electrostatic force and electrostatic fields. The formulas, it turns out, parallel the laws of universal gravitation in structure. There also exist similar laws relating to magnetism and electromagnetism as a whole.
Invariance of the Speed of Light:
Einstein's major insight, which led him to the Theory of Relativity, was the realization that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and is not measured differently for observers in different inertial frames of reference, unlike all other forms of motion. Some theoretical physicists have conjectured different variable speed of light (VSL) possibilities, but these are highly speculative. Most physicists believe that Einstein was right and the speed of light is constant.